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Data Residency

A concept that refers to the physical or geographic location of an organization's data. Privacy and security professionals focus on the data laws or regulatory requirements imposed on data based on the data laws that govern a country or region in which it resides. When a businesses uses cloud services (IaaS, PaaS, or SaaS), they may not be aware of their data's physical location. This can create data residency concerns when, for example, data for a citizen of the European Union is stored in a US-based cloud datacenter.

Related Terms

Adequate Level of Protection

Under the GDPR, "Adequate Level of Protection" refers to the level of data protection that the European Commission requires from a third country or international organization before approving cross-border data transfers to that third country or international organization.In making their judgement, the European Commission considers not only the data protection rules, and security measures of the third country or international org., but also the rule of law, respect for human rights, and the enforcement of compliance and data protection rules.

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European Data Protection Board

The primary supervisory authority established by the GDPR. The board consists of the heads of EU member states’ supervisory authorities as well as the European Data Protection Supervisor. The goal of the EDPB is to ensure consistent application of the GDPR by member states.

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