A concept that refers to the physical or geographic location of an organization's data. Privacy and security professionals focus on the data laws or regulatory requirements imposed on data based on the data laws that govern a country or region in which it resides. When a businesses uses cloud services (IaaS, PaaS, or SaaS), they may not be aware of their data's physical location. This can create data residency concerns when, for example, data for a citizen of the European Union is stored in a US-based cloud datacenter.
The right for individuals to correct or amend information about themselves that is inaccurate.
Data that must be protected from unauthorized access to safeguard the privacy or security of an individual or organization. According to NIST, this represents information, the loss, misuse, or unauthorized access to or modification of, that could adversely affect the national interest or the conduct of federal programs, or the privacy to which individuals are entitled under 5 U.S.C. Section 552a (the Privacy Act), but that has not been specifically authorized under criteria established by an Executive Order or an Act of Congress to be kept classified in the interest of national defense or foreign policy.GDPR refers to this as sensitive personal data that represents a mixture of private opinions and health information that falls into specialized, legally protected categories. Businesses must treat this data with the highest security.