Encryption is the method of converting a plaintext into a cipher text so that only the authorized parties can decrypt the information and no third parties can tamper with the data. Unencrypted usually refers to data or information that is stored unprotected, without any encryption. Encryption is an important way for individuals and companies to protect sensitive information from hacking. For example, websites that transmit credit card and bank account numbers encrypt this information to prevent identity theft and fraud.
Electronic Lab Notebooks (Electronic Laboratory Notebook or ELN) is the digital form of a paper lab notebook. In the pharmaceutical industry, it is used by researchers, scientists, and technicians to document observations, progress, and results from their experiments performed in a laboratory.
While ELN enables information to be documented and shared electronically, it also exposes proprietary information to malicious insiders or external hackers. As a result, ELN should be subject to appropriate security controls to prevent misuse or loss.
Defense Industrial Base (DIB) contractors are companies that conduct business with the US military and are part of the military industry complex responsible for research, production, delivery, and service.
DIB contractors are responsible for meeting compliance requirements set by government policies and frameworks including the the Department of Defense Instruction (DoDI) 5200.48 and Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification.
According to DoDi 5200.48, safeguarding Controlled Unclassified Information is a shared responsibility between DIB contractors and the Department of Defense.