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Ransomware

A type of malware that encrypts the files on an endpoint device using a mechanism for which only the attacker has the keys. While the attacker will offer the key in exchange for payment, fewer than half of victims that do pay actually recover their files.

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Obfuscated Data

Sensitive information swapped with arbitrary data intended to resemble true production data, rendering it useless to bad actors. It's most frequently used in test or development environments, where realistic data is needed to build and test software, but where there is no need for developers to see the real data.

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Shadow IT

Any unapproved cloud-based account or solution implemented by an employee for business use. It might also include the use of an unknown account with an approved provider, but administered by the user rather than corporate IT.

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