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Sensitive Information

Data that must be protected from unauthorized access to safeguard the privacy or security of an individual or organization. According to NIST, this represents information, the loss, misuse, or unauthorized access to or modification of, that could adversely affect the national interest or the conduct of federal programs, or the privacy to which individuals are entitled under 5 U.S.C. Section 552a (the Privacy Act), but that has not been specifically authorized under criteria established by an Executive Order or an Act of Congress to be kept classified in the interest of national defense or foreign policy.GDPR refers to this as sensitive personal data that represents a mixture of private opinions and health information that falls into specialized, legally protected categories. Businesses must treat this data with the highest security.

Related Terms

Consent

In the context of privacy, consent is the ability of a data subject to decline or consent to the collection and processing of their personal data. Consent can be explicit, such as opting-in via a form, or implied, such as agreeing to an End-User License Agreement, or not opting out. Under many data protection laws, consent must always be explicit.

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Data Processing

Any action that is performed on personal data or sets of personal data, such as collecting, structuring, storing, or disseminating that data.

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