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HIPAA

An acronym for the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. This is an American law that sets national standards and regulations for the transfer of electronic healthcare records. Under HIPAA, patients must opt in before their healthcare information can be shared with other organizations.

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HITECH

An acronym for the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act. This is an American law enacted as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. HITECH aims to build on the healthcare security and privacy requirements set forth by HIPAA. HITECH does so by adding tiered monetary penalties for noncompliance, as well as the requirement for breach notifications.

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Brazil General Data Protection Law

Brazil passed a new legal framework in mid-August of 2018 aimed at governing the use and processing of personal data in Brazil: the General Data Protection Law. The law replaces approximately 40 or so laws that currently deal with the protection of privacy and personal data, and is aimed at guaranteeing individual rights, and encouraging economic growth by creating clear and transparent rules for data collection.

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