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PII

An acronym of Personally Identifiable Information. This is any representation of information that permits the identity of an individual to whom the information applies to be reasonably inferred by either direct or indirect means. Examples include social security number (SSN), passport number, driver's license number, taxpayer identification number, patient identification number, financial account number, or credit card number, personal address information including street address or email address, or personal telephone numbers.

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ISO 27001

International standard for how to manage information security, first published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) in 2005, then revised in 2013. It outlines standards for creating, executing, maintaining and optimizing an information security management system, in order to help organizations make their information assets more security.

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Misconfiguration

A dangerous or unapproved configuration of an account that could potentially lead to a compromise typically done by a well-intentioned user attempting to solve an immediate business problem. While there is no malicious intent, misconfiguration is actually the leading cause of data loss or compromise.

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